Prof. Trevor Smith | ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science

Prof. Trevor Smith is a spectroscopist in the School of Chemistry at the University of Melbourne. His primary interests are the development of super-resolution optical imaging methods and the use of ultrafast laser spectroscopy and time-resolved microscopy to study fast chemical processes, including energy transfer, electron transfer and excitons in polymers, nanocrystals and other materials.

GCertUniTeach, University of Melbourne 2006
PhD, University of Melbourne 1992
BSc, University of Melbourne 1983
Centre Research Themes: 
1. Excitonic Systems for Solar Energy Conversion
2. Control of Excitons


Book Chapters
Hirvonen, L. M.; Smith, T. A. Super-resolution optical microscopy with structured illumination. In Fundamentals of Fluorescence Imaging; Fundamentals of Fluorescence Imaging; Jenny Stanford Publishing: Singapore, 2019; pp pp 383-414.
Journal Articles
Gao, C.; Shukla, A.; Gao, H.; Miao, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, P.; Luo, G.; Zeng, Y.; Wong, W. W. H.; Smith, T. A.; et al. Harvesting Triplet Excitons in High Mobility Emissive Organic Semiconductor for Efficiency Enhancement of Light‐Emitting Transistors. Advanced Materials In Press, 2208389 DOI: 10.1002/adma.202208389. doi: 10.1002/adma.202208389
Chakraborty, S.; Xu, Y.; Roberts, A.; Goswami, D.; Smith, T. A. An investigation of evanescent wave-induced fluorescence spectroscopy for exploring high refractive index media. Physica Scripta 2023, 98 (1), 015014 DOI: 10.1088/1402-4896/aca437. doi: 10.1088/1402-4896/aca437
Kathiravan, A.; Thulasi, S.; Smith, T. A.; Ashokkumar, M.; Jhonsi, M. Asha. Nanoarchitectonics of Congo red dye to biocompatible fluorescent carbon dots for highly sensitive Fe 3+ and ferritin detection. The Analyst 2023 DOI: 10.1039/D2AN01674E. doi: 10.1039/D2AN01674E
Manian, A.; Hudson, R. J.; Ramkissoon, P.; Smith, T. A.; Russo, S. P. Interexcited State Photophysics I: Benchmarking Density Functionals for Computing Nonadiabatic Couplings and Internal Conversion Rate Constants. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 2023, 19 (1), 271-292 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.2c00888. doi: 10.1021/acs.jctc.2c00888
Liu, X.; Zeng, P.; Chen, S.; Smith, T. A.; Liu, M. Charge Transfer Dynamics at the Interface of CsPbX 3Perovskite Nanocrystal‐Acceptor Complexes: A Femtosecond Transient Absorption Spectroscopy Study. Laser & Photonics Reviews 2022, 16 (12), 2200280 DOI: 10.1002/lpor.202200280. doi: 10.1002/lpor.202200280
Kalčec, N.; Peranić, N.; Barbir, R.; Hall, C. R.; Smith, T. A.; Sani, M. Antoine; Frkanec, R.; Separovic, F.; Vrček, I. Vinković. Spectroscopic study of L-DOPA and dopamine binding on novel gold nanoparticles towards more efficient drug-delivery system for Parkinson’s disease. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2022, 268, 120707 DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2021.120707. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2021.120707
Zheng, F.; Angmo, D.; Hall, C. R.; Rubanov, S.; Yuan, F.; Laird, J. S.; Gao, M.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P. Brownian Tree‐Shaped Dendrites in Quasi‐2D Perovskite Films and Their Impact on Photovoltaic Performance. Advanced Materials Interfaces 2022, 9 (13), 2102231 DOI: 10.1002/admi.202102231. doi: 10.1002/admi.202102231
Zheng, F.; Raeber, T.; Rubanov, S.; Lee, C.; Seeber, A.; Hall, C. R.; Smith, T. A.; Gao, M.; Angmo, D.; Ghiggino, K. P. Spontaneous Formation of a Ligand-Based 2D Capping Layer on the Surface of Quasi-2D Perovskite Films. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022, 14 (46), 51910–51920 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.2c14929. doi: 10.1021/acsami.2c14929
Zeng, P.; Ren, X.; Wei, L.; Zhao, H.; Liu, X.; Zhang, X.; Xu, Y.; Yan, L.; Boldt, K.; Smith, T. A.; et al. Control of Hot Carrier Relaxation in CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Using Damping Ligands. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2022, 61 (15), e202111443 DOI: 10.1002/anie.202111443. doi: 10.1002/anie.202111443
Laird, J. S.; Ravishankar, S.; Rietwyk, K. J.; Mao, W.; Bach, U.; Smith, T. A. Intensity Modulated Photocurrent Microspectrosopy for Next Generation Photovoltaics. Small Methods 2022, 6 (9), 2200493 DOI: 10.1002/smtd.202200493. doi: 10.1002/smtd.202200493
Schwarz, K. N.; Mitchell, V. D.; Khan, S. - U. - Z.; Lee, C.; Reinhold, A.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Jones, D. J.; Rand, B. P.; Scholes, G. D. Morphological Requirements for Nanoscale Electric Field Buildup in a Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cell. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2021, 12 (1), 537 - 545 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c03425. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c03425
Xu, W. - L.; White, J. M.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Smith, T. A. High fluorescence efficiency of intrinsic ligand-free zero-dimensional Cs4PbBr 6 particles and microcrystals. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2021, 9 (40), 14371-14377 DOI: 10.1039/D1TC02571F. doi: 10.1039/D1TC02571F
Bradley, S. J.; Chi, M.; White, J. M.; Hall, C. R.; Goerigk, L.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P. The role of conformational heterogeneity in the excited state dynamics of linked diketopyrrolopyrrole dimers. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2021, 23 (15), 9357 - 9364 DOI: 10.1039/D1CP00541C. doi: 10.1039/D1CP00541C
Xu, W.; Niu, M.; Yang, X.; Chen, H.; Cai, X.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Hao, X. Chemical vapor deposition growth of phase-selective inorganic lead halide perovskite films for sensitive photodetectors. Chinese Chemical Letters 2021, 32 (1), 489-492 DOI: 10.1016/j.cclet.2020.05.017. doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2020.05.017
Zheng, F.; Hall, C. R.; Angmo, D.; Zuo, C.; Rubanov, S.; Wen, Z.; Bradley, S. J.; Hao, X.; Gao, M.; Smith, T. A.; et al. A sandwich-like structural model revealed for quasi-2D perovskite films. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2021, 9 (16), 5362-5372 DOI: 10.1039/D1TC00606A. doi: 10.1039/D1TC00606A
Gao, C.; Zhang, B.; Hall, C. R.; Li, L.; Chen, Y.; Zeng, Y.; Smith, T. A.; Wong, W. W. H. Triplet fusion upconversion using sterically protected 9,10-diphenylanthracene as the emitter. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2020, 22 (11), 6300 - 6307 DOI: 10.1039/C9CP06311K. doi: 10.1039/C9CP06311K
Xu, Y.; Zhou, J.; Smith, T. A. Time-resolved emission microscopy of light-induced aggregation of luminescent polymers. Methods and Applications in Fluorescence 2020, 8 (1), 014006 DOI: 10.1088/2050-6120/ab5976. doi: 10.1088/2050-6120/ab5976
Kathiravan, A.; Gowri, A.; Srinivasan, V.; Smith, T. A.; Ashokkumar, M.; Jhonsi, M. Asha. A simple and ubiquitous device for picric acid detection in latent fingerprints using carbon dots. The Analyst 2020, 145 (13), 4532 - 4539 DOI: 10.1039/D0AN00750A. doi: 10.1039/D0AN00750A
Xu, W. - L.; Bradley, S. J.; Xu, Y.; Zheng, F.; Hall, C. R.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Smith, T. A. Highly efficient radiative recombination in intrinsically zero-dimensional perovskite micro-crystals prepared by thermally-assisted solution-phase synthesis. RSC Advances 2020, 10 (71), 43579 - 43584 DOI: 10.1039/D0RA08890K. doi: 10.1039/D0RA08890K
Lyskov, I.; Anda, A.; Wong, Y. X.; Tilley, A. J.; Hall, C. R.; Thia, J.; Russo, S. P.; Wong, W. W. H.; Cole, J. H.; Smith, T. A. Bilirubin analogues as model compounds for exciton coupling. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 2020, 22 (27), 15567 - 15572 DOI: 10.1039/D0CP01421D. doi: 10.1039/D0CP01421D
Mao, W.; Hall, C. R.; Bernardi, S.; Cheng, Y. - B.; Widmer-Cooper, A.; Smith, T. A.; Bach, U. Light-induced reversal of ion segregation in mixed-halide perovskites. Nature Materials 2020 DOI: 10.1038/s41563-020-00826-y. doi: 10.1038/s41563-020-00826-y
Xu, M.; Yu, M.; Liu, B.; Lin, J.; Soleimaninejad, H.; Smith, T. A.; Ding, X.; Bai, L.; Han, Y.; Xie, L.; et al. Hierarchical Uniform Crystalline Nanowires of Wide Bandgap Conjugated Polymer for Light-Emitting Optoelectronic Devices. Cell Reports Physical Science 2020, 1 (3), 100029 DOI: 10.1016/j.xcrp.2020.100029. doi: 10.1016/j.xcrp.2020.100029
Zhang, B.; Lyskov, I.; Wilson, L. J.; Sabatini, R. P.; Manian, A.; Soleimaninejad, H.; White, J. M.; Smith, T. A.; Lakhwani, G.; Jones, D. J.; et al. FRET-enhanced photoluminescence of perylene diimides by combining molecular aggregation and insulation. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2020, 8 (26), 8953 - 8961 DOI: 10.1039/D0TC02108C. doi: 10.1039/D0TC02108C
Masoomi-Godarzi, S.; Hall, C. R.; Zhang, B.; Gregory, M. A.; White, J. M.; Wong, W. W. H.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Smith, T. A.; Jones, D. J. Competitive Triplet Formation and Recombination in Crystalline Films of Perylenediimide Derivatives: Implications for Singlet Fission. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2020, 124 (21), 11574 - 11585 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c01337. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c01337
Zheng, F.; Zuo, C.; Niu, M.; Zhou, C.; Bradley, S. J.; Hall, C. R.; Xu, W.; Wen, X.; Hao, X.; Gao, M.; et al. Revealing the Role of Methylammonium Chloride for Improving the Performance of 2D Perovskite Solar Cells. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2020, 12 (23), 25980 - 25990 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c05714. doi: 10.1021/acsami.0c05714
Mao, W.; Hall, C. R.; Chesman, A. S. R.; Forsyth, C.; Cheng, Y. - B.; Duffy, N. W.; Smith, T. A.; Bach, U. Visualizing Phase Segregation in Mixed-Halide Perovskite Single Crystals. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2019, 58 (9), 2893 - 2898 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201810193 . doi: 10.1002/anie.201810193
Bi, P. Qing; Hall, C. R.; Yin, H.; So, S. Kong; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Hao, X. Resolving the Mechanisms of Photocurrent Improvement in Ternary Organic Solar Cells. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (30), 18294-18302 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b06267. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b06267
Ng, C.; Zeng, P.; Lloyd, J. A.; Chakraborty, D.; Roberts, A.; Smith, T. A.; Bach, U.; Sader, J. E.; Davis, T. J.; Gómez, D. E. Large-Area Nanofabrication of Partially Embedded Nanostructures for Enhanced Plasmonic Hot-Carrier Extraction. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2019, 2 (3), 1164 - 1169 DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01988. doi: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01988
Flint, K. L.; J. Collins, G.; Bradley, S. J.; Smith, T. A.; Sumby, C. J.; F. Keene, R. Synthesis and Characterisation of Helicate and Mesocate Forms of a Double-Stranded Diruthenium(II) Complex of a Di(terpyridine) Ligand. Australian Journal of Chemistry 2019, 72 (10), 762-768 DOI: 10.1071/CH19220. doi: 10.1071/CH19220
Gao, C.; Seow, J. Yi; Zhang, B.; Hall, C. R.; Tilley, A. J.; White, J. M.; Smith, T. A.; Wong, W. W. H. Tetraphenylethene 9,10‐Diphenylanthracene Derivatives – Synthesis and Photophysical Properties. ChemPlusChem 2019, 84 (6), 746-753 DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201900100. doi: 10.1002/cplu.201900100
Lin, J.; Liu, B.; Yu, M.; Wang, X.; Lin, Z.; Zhang, X.; Sun, C.; Cabanillas-Gonzalez, J.; Xie, L.; Liu, F.; et al. Ultrastable Supramolecular Self-Encapsulated Wide-Bandgap Conjugated Polymers for Large-Area and Flexible Electroluminescent Devices. Advanced Materials 2019, 31 (1), 1804811 DOI: 10.1002/adma.201804811. doi: 10.1002/adma.201804811
Yu, M. - N.; Lin, J. - Y.; Li, Y. - X.; Soleimaninejad, H.; Ou, C. - J.; Bai, L. - B.; Liu, B.; Liu, W.; Wei, Q.; Bo, Y. - F.; et al. Emission Enhanced and Stabilized by Stereoisomeric Strategy in Hierarchical Uniform Supramolecular Framework. Chem 2019, 5 (9), 2470 - 2483 DOI: 10.1016/j.chempr.2019.06.021. doi: 10.1016/j.chempr.2019.06.021
Zhang, B.; Gao, C.; Soleimaninejad, H.; White, J. M.; Smith, T. A.; Jones, D. J.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Wong, W. W. H. Highly Efficient Luminescent Solar Concentrators by Selective Alignment of Donor–Emitter Fluorophores. Chemistry of Materials 2019, 31 (8), 3001 - 3008 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00647. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00647
Condé, B.; Robinson, A.; Bodet, A.; Monteau, A. - C.; Fuentes, S.; Scollary, G.; Smith, T. A.; Howell, K. S. Using Synchronous Fluorescence to Investigate Chemical Interactions Influencing Foam Characteristics in Sparkling Wines. Beverages 2019, 5 (3), 54 DOI: 10.3390/beverages5030054. doi: 10.3390/beverages5030054
Bo, Y. - F.; Liu, Y. - Y.; Soleimaninejad, H.; Yu, M. - N.; Xie, L. - H.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Huang, W. Photophysical Identification of Three Kinds of Low-Energy Green Band Defects in Wide-Bandgap Polyfluorenes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2019, 123 (13), 2789 - 2795 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b00188. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.9b00188
Gao, C.; Prasad, S. K. K.; Zhang, B.; Dvořák, M.; Tayebjee, M. J. Y.; McCamey, D. R.; Schmidt, T. W.; Smith, T. A.; Wong, W. W. H. Intramolecular Versus Intermolecular Triplet Fusion in Multichromophoric Photochemical Upconversion. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019, 123 (33), 20181 - 20187 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b07098. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b07098
Soleimaninejad, H.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Smith, T. A.; Paige, M. F. Fluorescence anisotropy imaging of a polydiacetylene photopolymer film. Canadian Journal of Chemistry 2019, 97 (6), 422-429 DOI: 10.1139/cjc-2018-0360. doi: 10.1139/cjc-2018-0360
Yu, M. - N.; Soleimaninejad, H.; Lin, J.; Zuo, Z. - Y.; Liu, B.; Bo, Y. - F.; Bai, L. - B.; Han, Y. - M.; Smith, T. A.; Xu, M.; et al. Photophysical and Fluorescence Anisotropic Behavior of Polyfluorene β-Conformation Films. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2018, 9 (2), 364 - 372 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b03148. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b03148
Enders, F.; Budweg, A.; Zeng, P.; Lauth, J.; Smith, T. A.; Brida, D.; Boldt, K. Switchable dissociation of excitons bound at strained CdTe/CdS interfaces. Nanoscale 2018, 10 (47), 22362 - 22373 DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07973K. doi: 10.1039/C8NR07973K
Stevens, A. L.; Novakovic, S.; White, J. M.; Wong, W. W. H.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Paige, M. F.; Steer, R. P. Exciton Dynamics of Photoexcited Pendant Porphyrin Polymers in Solution and in Thin Films. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2018, 122 (50), 9605–9614 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b09321. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b09321
Rohatgi, C. V.; Harada, T.; Need, E. F.; Krasowska, M.; Beattie, D. A.; Dickenson, G. D.; Smith, T. A.; Kee, T. W. Low-Bandgap Conjugated Polymer Dots for Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging. ACS Applied Nano Materials 2018, 1 (9), 4801 - 4808 DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01014. doi: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01014
Lv, C. - K.; Zheng, F.; Yang, X. - Y.; Bi, P. - Q.; Niu, M. - S.; Wang, Y. - Z.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Hao, X. Optimizing the Crystallinity and Phase Separation of PTB7:PC 71 BM Films by Modified Graphene Oxide. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018, 122 (5), 2572 - 2581 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11726. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11726
Xu, W. - L.; Niu, M. - S.; Yang, X. - Y.; Bi, P. - Q.; Zhang, K. - N.; Xiong, C.; Yuan, H. - C.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Hao, X. Spatially Resolved Photophysical Dynamics in Perovskite Microplates Fabricated Using an Antisolvent Treatment. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121 (47), 26250 - 26255 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b09844. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b09844
Zhang, B.; Soleimaninejad, H.; Jones, D. J.; White, J. M.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Smith, T. A.; Wong, W. W. H. Highly Fluorescent Molecularly Insulated Perylene Diimides: Effect of Concentration on Photophysical Properties. Chemistry of Materials 2017, 29 (19), 8395 - 8403 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02968. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02968
Gajic, M.; Lisi, F.; Kirkwood, N.; Smith, T. A.; Mulvaney, P.; Rosengarten, G. Circular luminescent solar concentrators. Solar Energy 2017, 150, 30 - 37 DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.04.034. doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.04.034
Breukers, R. D.; Smith, G. J.; Stirrat, H. L.; Swanson, A. J.; Smith, T. A.; Ghiggino, K. P.; Raymond, S. G.; Winch, N. M.; Clarke, D. J.; Kay, A. J. Light losses from scattering in luminescent solar concentrator waveguides. Applied Optics 2017, 56 (10), 2630-2635 DOI: 10.1364/AO.56.002630. doi: 10.1364/AO.56.002630